Tips To Build Aquaponics System At Your Back Yard
In Jan’12, I attended a seminar by FAO, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations on sustainable agriculture. The agenda of the session was how to use technology & sustainable agriculture in rural part of countries to increase farm productivity to meet the demand of food of 9.1 billion by 2050.
Several renowned speakers address concerns like lack of water, farmable land to feed the world along with the real issues related to climate change that are currently interfering with steady food supplies in growing drought and flood regions of the world.
I really liked the presentation and demonstration of a new food producing system, Portable Farms™ Aquaponics Systems that is far less dependent on water and land than conventional agriculture. It is not affected by climates or seasons, and provides pesticide free and locally grown food as a business investment in commercial aquaponics.
I met with the author of bestselling book “ Aquanponics 4 you” which is a step by step guide on how to build own Aquaponics system. Actually he inspired me to create one at home.
I accepted the idea and build a home aquaponics system.
I this article I will discuss Aquaponics information for beginners like what is Aquapoins, how to build one at home etc.
Aquaponics is a sustainable food production system that combines a traditional aquaculture (raising aquatic animals such as snails, fish, crayfish or prawns in tanks) with hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) in a symbiotic environment.
In the aquaculture, effluents accumulate in the water, increasing toxicity for the fish. This water is led to a hydroponic system where the by-products from the aquaculture are filtered out by the plants as vital nutrients, after which the cleansed water is recirculated back to the animals. The term aquaponics is a portmanteau of the terms aquaculture and hydroponic.
What is amazing in Aquaponics, once the system is initialized, the water stays Ph balanced and remains crystal clear.
How I build my home aquaponic system
Here is a video on How to build a desktop aquaponics system for indoor gardening which helped a lot initially along with “ Aquanponics 4 you” guide.
|Aquaponics kit supply|
Tools I used to build Aquaponics system
- A Pond Bin for the fish of about 250-300 liters.
- A grow Tub of 150-200 liters, that is rectangular and longish in shape. Like a cubical pipe.
- A grow bed that is placed on top of the fish tank
- A 1000-1500 liters Pump for the pond, it should be powerful enough to pump the water up towards the plants tank which is usually situated at a height of 1 meter or more.
- A waterproof extension cable that is about 10-15 meters long
- An Air pump with dual outlets that are at least 15 meters in length.
- EHEIM Everyday Fish Feeder Programmable Automatic Food Dispenser
- An automated surge protector that will pump water in the system every 2 to 3 hours.
- A water purifier pump for constant circulation, purification and oxygen supply.
- You'll need tiles or slaps of brick to make a roof for the fish tank.
- A wire gauze or bird wire to protect the aquarium fish from prey.
- A long garden hose pipe
- A pH level testing kit
- API Freshwater Master Test Kit
- Electric tape, a driller and a pair of scissors.
- Last but not the least some fish, the type you'll like to eat or keep as pets such as Angelfish, guppies, gold fish or the Betta fish as well as aquatic plants (as Vegetables or as decoration)
It costed me total $165
7 steps to build Aquaponics at home
Follow the given instructions carefully and you'll know how to make fully functional Aquaponics, how to assemble it may seem tricky at first but it's relatively simple once you get the hang of it.
Step 1: The fish tank will need to be placed in the ground, partly submerged in the soil as that would help maintain the optimal temperature for the water and the fish. So you'll need to dig a hole for the tank to be placed in, place the tank in a shaded area as too much sunlight will cause quicker evaporation and thus frequent refilling.
Step 2: Now take the waterproof cable and connect it to the water pump and the air pump and attach them to the powerpoint.(Let it remain Switched OFF!) Remember to cover up the electric parts with a waterproof container and keep it away from the fish. Burring it into the soil is safest.
Step 3: Closely place the plant-grow tank diagonally above the fish tank, this will help in easier pumping of water and its circulation between the two tanks. The grow-tub should also have tiny holes drilled at the bottom at its tip which faces the tank below and so that the water penetrates and returns back to the fish tank. The tiles can also help, with the slanted roof making the water falling over it slide into the fish tank below.
Step 4: Connect the pond pump with the garden hose pipe and the automated surge protector.
Step 5: Now de chlorinate the water, leave it be for an hour, and then add the fish.
Step 6: Add the grow matter, such as clay or gravel into the plant tank and place your plants into the tank as well. You can also plant seeds, that will germinate without any problems.
Step 7: You will need to keep a check on the water level and the fish. Keep them well fed as that is directly related to the growth of the plants. Also giving the plants, regular vitamin supplements will be very beneficial for their general well-being. Make sure that the tanks are not contaminated by feces, from birds and insects. Always remember to clean your Aquaponics at least once in a month.
Now, I’m working with NGO to use this break-through organic gardening secrets to cities and drought-stricken regions in Maharsatra. I am taking help from GrowHaus — co-founded by Adam Brock who works in partnership with JD and Tawnya Sawyer of Colorado Aquaponic. I'm planning to use rainwater harvesting and Aquaponics systems.
This is a good investment strategy with high ROI.
Reference : DIY Aquaponics System